New Study Suggests That Stars 10,000 Times the Size of Our Sun Existed in The Early Universe

A recent study revealed insight into the universe’s earliest stars. It implied that they were far larger than the ones we see now. The initial stars in the universe may have had a mass over 10,000 times greater than that of the sun or around 1,000 times more than the largest stars we currently know of. These mega-giant stars had brief lives and short lifespans. However, they left behind a legacy that helped to create the universe as we know it today.

This discovery is the outcome of using experts’ advanced computer simulations of the dark ages. The aim is to comprehend what transpired at that time. The time around 13 billion years ago, just after the Big Bang, is called the “dark ages.” The universe was merely a tepid soup of neutral gas during this time. It was virtually exclusively composed of hydrogen and helium. The earliest stars were created due to this gas’s accumulation over hundreds of millions of years into progressively denser balls of substance.

The early universe, however, existed under very different circumstances from today’s. Since hydrogen and helium radiate energy very effectively, no elements were heavier than those in the early universe. It follows that nuclear fusion was prevented from taking place because the thick clusters of gas did not contract quickly enough. Nuclear fusion powers stars by fusing lighter elements into heavier ones, 

As a result, the first generation of stars had to form under very different and considerably more severe conditions. The scientists discovered that neutral gas clumped and collected. This is due to a complicated network of interactions that existed before the first stars were formed. Clumps of the neutral gas gradually achieved larger densities because hydrogen and helium produced a small amount of heat.

However, the neutral gas didn’t break into many smaller clumps. This is because the high-density clusters were extremely heated and produced radiation, which did. This suggests that stars formed from these aggregates may grow to be supermassive stars. This would have been extraordinarily luminous and had extremely brief lives.

The results of this study are noteworthy. This is due to the fact that they shed light on how the universe’s initial stars were created and how their evolution impacted the universe. These initial stars would have died in violent supernova explosions from internal fusion events that seeded the next wave of star creation. The process could no longer be repeated since heavier components had tainted it, and those massive stars would never again be seen in the cosmos.